Colonial Slave Ships

Between 1650 and 1775, many thousands of Scots were banished to the American colonies for political, religious, or criminal offenses.

Following the English Civil War, Cromwell transported thousands of Scots soldiers to Virginia, New England and the West Indies.

An additional 1700 Scots were expelled as enemies of the state after the Covenanter Risings and 1600 men, women and children were banished as a result of the Jacobite Rebellions of 1715 and 1745.

Around 1715 during events associated with the Jacobite uprising at Preston, five years before the birth of the well known Jacobite Bonnie Prince Charlie, we see recorded the individual names of many common people; in prison costing the authorities two pence per diem to feed; on ships costing two pounds per person to transport into exile; and in land records, people recorded as real property and sold for cash.

Finding all ten ships, listed together in one document, has been an illusive task until Hugh was fortunate enough to stumble upon a warrant, filed away for safekeeping in the wrong box in the British Archives. We can assume that it is accurate as it is a bill requesting payment from the King for transporting the prisoners on the ten ships.

Excerpt from Jacobite Rebellion Ships - by Hugh Tornabene.

The passenger lists of these ships only totals about half of the 1700 that were shipped. It's also important to note that women and children were shipped seperately from the men.

    Frigate Scipio 30 March 1716

    Ship Wakefield 21 April 1716

    Briggantine Two Brothers 26 April 1716

    Ship Susannah 26 April 1716

    Friendship of Belfast 24 May 1716

    Ship Hockenhill 25 June 1716

    Ship Elizabeth and Anne 29 June 1716

    Ship Good Speed 14 July 1716

    Ship Africa Gally 15 July 1716

    Ship Ann 31 July 1716

The Complete History of Emigrants in Bondage

Between 1614 and 1775 some 50,000 Englishmen were sentenced by legal process to be transported to the American colonies. England was trying to rid itself of Lusty Beggars, Dissolute Women, Sorners, Gypsies, Orphans and Vagabonds. With notably few exceptions their names and the record of their trial have survived in public records together with much other information which enables us to plot the story of their unhappy and unwilling passage to America. These records are now combined and condensed in this volume to form the largest single collection of transatlantic passenger lists to be found during the earliest period of emigration.
Below are some of the pages which contain the surnames of some of the Lost Creek and Underwood settlers:

    Emigrants in Bondage Abbreviations

    Emigrants in Bondage - Alders-Almery

    Emigrants in Bondage - Beinton-Burden

    Emigrants in Bondage - Dawson-Deane

    Emigrants in Bondage - Etherington-Everett

    Emigrants in Bondage - Gibbs-Giffoy

    Emigrants in Bondage - Harper-Higgins

    Emigrants in Bondage - Langham-Lapham

    Emigrants in Bondage - Minshall-Moco

    Emigrants in Bondage - Roach-Rutson

    Emigrants in Bondage - Shelton-Stimpson

    Emigrants in Bondage - Udall-Unsworth

    Emigrants in Bondage - Waites-Walker